Birsa Munda Biography, Jayanti, Family, History, Death (Birsa Munda Biography in Hindi, Birth, Death, Cast, History  )

Birsa Munda Biography, Biography, Biography, Jayanti, Family, History, Death (Birsa Munda Biography in Hindi, Birth, Death, Cast ,  ,History  )

Was a folk hero and a tribal freedom fighter of Munda tribe. In the beginning of the 19th century, Birsa Munda, who fought for the interests of the tribals, also took iron from the then British rule. Due to his contribution, his picture is kept in the museum of the Indian Parliament.

Angered by the oppression and injustice of the then British rulers, he organized the indigenous Mundas and started the Munda Rebellion. He was known as Birsa Bhagwan to the rebels.

 Known as the ‘Mother of the Earth’ or the Father of the Earth, Birsa Munda stressed the need for the tribals to study their religion and not forget their cultural roots. He influenced his people to realize the importance of owning their land and asserting their rights over them.

Birsa Munda Biography in Hindi, Birth, Death, Cast History
Birsa Munda Biography in Hindi, Birth, Death, Cast History

Biography of Birsa Munda

Biography of Birsa Munda, Jayanti. Birsa Munda Biography in Hindi
Biography of Birsa Munda, Jayanti. Birsa Munda Biography in Hindi
NameBirsa Munda
Real NameBirsa David (after converting to Christianity for some time)
निक नेम (Given Name by People )earth baba
Date of Birth 15 November 1875
Age  24 years (at the time of death)
Birth Place Ulihatu Village, Lohardaga District, Bengal Presidency (now
Khunti District of Jharkhand)
Date of Death9 June 1900
Place of DeathRanchi Jail, Lohardaga District, Bengal Presidency
Death Causedeath due to cholera disease
School (School )German Mission School 
Nationality ( Nationality)  Indian
Hometown ( Hometown)  Ulihatu Village, Lohardaga District, Bengal Presidency
Dharma ( Religion)  Hindu (converted to Christianity for some time)
Profession  Indian tribal freedom fighter and religious leader
Marital status ( Marital Status)  married

Birth and early life of Birsa Munda

Birsa Munda was born in 1875 in Ranchi, Jharkhand state. His father, uncle, tau all professed Christianity. Birsa’s father ‘Sugna Munda’ was an associate of German preachers.

 Birsa spent his childhood in his home, in his maternal grandmother and in grazing his mother-in-law’s goats.

Later, he attended the German Mission School in Chaibasa for a few days. But Birsa did not tolerate ridicule of his tribal culture in schools. 

On this they also started making fun of the priests and their religion. What was then, Christian preachers threw him out of school.

Birsa  Munda Family

Father’s Name (Father’s Name )Sugna Munda
Mother (Mother’s Name )karmi hatu
Brother (Brother ‘S Name )Komta Munda (Big), Pasana Munda (Small)
Sister’s name (Sister ‘S Name )Champa Munda (Elder), Daskir Munda (Younger)

Munda was worshiped in the name of ‘Dharti Baba’  ( Public trust on Birsa Munda )

Birsa’s life took a new turn after leaving school. He came in contact with Swami Anand Pandey and understood the characters of Hinduism and Mahabharata. 

It is said that some such supernatural events happened in 1895, due to which people started considering Birsa as an incarnation of God. The belief became strong among the people that diseases are cured by the touch of Birsa.

The public had a strong faith in Birsa, which helped Birsa to increase his influence. A large number of people started gathering to listen to him. Birsa refuted the old superstitions. Advised people to stay away from violence and drugs.

The effect of his words was that the number of converts to Christianity began to decline rapidly and those who had become Munda Christians again started returning to their old religion.

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Birsa Munda ‘s fight against injustice and arrest ( Birsa Munda Arrested)

Birsa Munda's fight against injustice
Birsa Munda’s fight against injustice

In the year 1856 there were about 600 jagirs, and they spread from one village to 150 villages. But by 1874, according to the new rights introduced by some of the zamindars, all the rights of the farmers were abolished and most of the land of the farmers was forcibly taken away.

The peasants of some villages had completely lost their ownership rights and were reduced to the status of agricultural labourers.

Birsa Munda also inspired people to fight against the landlords who exploited the farmers. Seeing this, the British government stopped them from gathering a crowd. Birsa said that I am teaching my religion to my caste.

The police tried to arrest him, but the villagers saved him. Soon he was arrested again and imprisoned in Hazaribagh jail for two years. He was later let off with a warning that he would not campaign.

Birsa Munda by the tribals of the Organization of Construction ( Organization Building By Birsa Munda )

Formation of the organization of tribals by Birsa Munda
Formation of the organization of tribals by Birsa Munda

But after going where the followers of Birsa were, he formed two teams of his followers. One party started promoting Munda religion and the other started doing political work. New youth have also been recruited. On this, the government again issued a warrant for his arrest, but Birsa Munda was not caught.

This time the movement moved forward with the aim of dominating power. The European officials and priests were removed and it was decided to establish a new state under the leadership of Birsa.

Birsa Munda Early Life and Education 

Birsa Munda was born on 15 November 1875 in Ulihatu village of Khuti district, Jharkhand. His father’s name was Sugna Puriti (Munda) and mother’s name was Karmi Puriti (Mundain tribe). Is. Served people in severe famine and epidemic due to change of monsoon in 1894.

Birsa Munda revolutionary was a hero who changed the direction of the social and political era of India, fighting the challenge of black laws and fighting the barbaric British, he has developed the tribe.

 Birsa Munda had scorched the Indian landlords, the tribal society was scorched by the British exploitation. Birsa Munda did the work of organized liberation at three levels 

Birsa Munda Death

Birsa Munda's death
Birsa Munda’s death

This movement started on 24 December 1899. Police stations were attacked with arrows and set ablaze. The army also had a direct encounter, but the arrow command could not face the bullets. Birsa Munda’s companions were killed in large numbers.

On March 3, 1900, he, along with his tribal guerrilla army, was arrested by British troops at Jamkopai Jungle, Chakradharpur.

In the greed of money, two people of his caste arrested Birsa Munda. More than a hundred of his associates including Birsa were arrested. He was sentenced to death.

He died on 9 June 1900 at the age of 25 in Ranchi Jail, where he was imprisoned. The British government announced that he died of cholera, although he showed no signs of illness, fueling rumors that he may have been poisoned.

The other two arrested were hanged, 12 were acquitted and 63 were given long life sentences.

Source: Wikipedia


He organised masses to stop paying debts/interest to moneylenders and taxes to the British. His struggle against the discrimination of the tribals led to the passing of the  Chotanagpur Tenancy Act being in 1908.

Jharkhand, the 15th largest state in India, covers a geographical area of 7,970,000 hectares and lies on the Chota Nagpur Plateau. As of now, the state has 24 districts, 260 blocks, and 32,620 villages and is famous for its waterfalls, hills, and holy places.

As for the name, the word “Jhar” means ‘Forest’ and “Khand” means ‘land’ in various Indo-Aryan languages. Thus “Jharkhand” means ‘land of bush or forest.

The state is now the leading producer of mineral wealth in the country after Chhattisgarh.

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FAQ

Who was Birsa Munda in Hindi?

Birsa Munda was a folk hero and a tribal freedom fighter of the Munda tribe. In the beginning of the 19th century, Birsa Munda, who fought for the interests of the tribals, also took iron from the then British rule.

Who was Birsa Munda, what did he do for the tribal society?

Birsa Munda was a folk hero and a tribal freedom fighter of the Munda tribe. He was also swayed by the British rule in the early 19th century for the interests of the tribals.

Why is Birsa Munda called the God of Jharkhand?

Birsa Munda had gone to the British government for the hit and atrocities on the people of Jharkhand and sacrificed his life, due to which Birsa Munda is called the God of Jharkhand.

What caste did Birsa Munda belong to?

Birsa Munda belonged to a Munda tribe of Jharkhand.

Who were the parents of Birsa Munda?

Birsa Munda’s father was Sugna Munda and mother was Karmi Hatu.

When did the Birsa Munda rebellion take place?

From the year 1895 to 1900, the rebellion of Birsa or Birsa Munda ‘Ulgulan’ went on.

Who is the lord of tribal?

The Lord of the tribals is Birsa Munda.

How did Birsa Munda die?

It is believed that he died due to cholera disease, but till now it is not fully known how he suddenly died of cholera a day before the execution.

When did Birsa Munda passed away?

Birsa Munda died in Ranchi Jail on 9 June 1900 at the age of 25 .

Birsa Munda was an Indian freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero from the Munda Tribe of the Chhota Nagpur Plateau area. His spirit of activism is remembered as a strong mark of protest against British rule in India. He was a spearhead behind the Millenarian movement that arose in the Bengal Presidency (Present-day Jharkhand)

Born on 15 November 1875 in Ulihatu in Bengal Presidency, now in the Khunti district of Jharkhand, he was named after that day according to the then prevalent Munda custom. He received his early education at Salga under the guidance of his teacher Jaipal Nag.

Munda spent his childhood surrounded by Christian missionaries, whose main mission was to convert as many tribal people as possible. He was advised by his teacher to enroll in the German Mission school, but to get admitted, Munda was forced to convert to Christianity. He was renamed as Birsa David and later to Birsa Daud after the conversion. Birsa left the German Mission School after studying for a few years. Between 886 to 1890, Birsa Munda spent a large amount of time in Chaibasa, in present-day Jharkhand, which was close to the centre of the Sardars. This had a strong impact on the mind of the young Birsa, who soon became a part of the anti-missionary and anti-government program.

Short life But Very Impressive

On March 3, 1900, Birsa Munda was arrested by British police while sleeping with his terrorist group in the Jamkopai forest in Chakradharpur. He died at Ranchi Prison on June 9, 1900, at the age of 25.

Although he lived for a short time and the fact is that the movement ended soon after his death. Birsa Munda is known for uniting the international community against the British and forcing colonial authorities to enact laws that protect the international rights of nations.

Movement against the English

Later, Birsa rebelled against the British by releasing the rent. Birsa started a guerrilla war against the British by forming an international army. Between 1897 and 1900, the people of Munda had beaten the British in a guerrilla warfare led by Birsa.

In August 1897, Birsa and his 400 armed men stormed the Khunti police station.

In 1898, Birsa attacked the British army on the banks of the Tanga River and forced the British to retreat. Later, with the arrival of more British troops, the tribes were defeated and many nations were imprisoned. On February 3, 1900, British troops captured Birsa and his supporters in the bush.

Birsa’s suspicious death in prison

Birsa died on June 9, 1900, in a suspicious prison cell. The British government has said Birsa died of cholera. However, it is still unclear how Birsa died. Birsa was assassinated when he was only 25 years old and promoted war against the British.

As a result, the country gained independence. Birsa is still worshiped as Dharti Baba by the Munda tribes.

Birsa had fought in the jungle war and fought against the British mandatory medal system and income system. Birsa has also declared war on lenders. These Mahajans, whom they called Dikus, often took over their place in order to borrow. It was more than a rebellion. It has been a struggle to preserve national identity, independence and culture.

From a Vaishnav monk, Birsa learned about Hindu religious teachings and studied ancient scriptures along with the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Birsa wanted to reform the tribal society and so, he urged them to let go of beliefs in witchcraft and instead, stressed on the importance of prayer, staying away from alcohol, having faith in God and observing a code of conduct.

Birsa Munda then founded a new religion called Birsait. The religion believed in One God and encouraged them to revert to their original religious beliefs. People started referring to him as an economical religion healer, a miracle –worker and preacher. People belonging to Oraon and Munda became convinced Birsaites, and many started referring him ‘Dharti Abba or Father of Earth’.

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